Landour, known as Landaur as well, is a tiny cantonment area bordering the city of Mussoorie in the state of Uttarakhand in India. This cantonment lies at a distance of approximately 22 miles or 35 km from Dehradun city in Uttarakhand, India. Uttarakhand forms a major part of northernIndia.
In this region, Mussoorie and Landour are those twin towns that were collectively regarded as a famous hill station in the period of the British rule. This twin town was previously called as the Queen of the Hills. The term Landour originated from Llanddowror, which is a hamlet village in Carmarthenshire, Southwestern Wales in theUnited Kingdom. At the time of the British era, it was normal to name areas established by the British colonizers with Scottish, English, Irish or Welsh names. This was an indication of their cultural background.
Names extracted from creative writing were widespread as well, as from the works created by Sir Walter Scott, Robert Burns, Robert Louis Stevenson, Thomas Hardy, and various others.
As laid down by the census conducted in 2001, the cantonment housed an “official” population of around 3,500. Females comprised 45% of the population and males 55%. The mean literacy rate in Landour is 78%, which surpasses the countrywide mean of 59.5%. Literacy among females is 70% and literacy among males is 85%. About 8% of the people living here is below the age of 6 years.
The best kept Secret of Mussoorie – Landour
Landour, “the tiara” of the “Queen of Hills”, Mussoorie, is an idyllic town, dotted with old country homes reminiscent of the days gone by. Drawing its name from Llanddowror, a village in Carmarthenshire in southwest Wales, Landour is located an altitude of 6,600 to 7800 ft and offers striking views of the Garhwal Himalaya with a wide vista of up to 200 km (125 miles) visible on a clear day. The visible massifs and peaks include (West to East) Swargarohini, Bandarpunch, Yamnotri, Jaonli, Gangotri, Srikanta, Kedarnath, Satopanth, Chaukhamba (Badrinath) and even Nanda Devi.
Swargarohini and Bandarpunch in the Himalaya, from Landour.
What started as a convalescent depot for the British troops is today the preferred getaway of artists, writers and nature lovers. The seclusion and verdant mountain scenary are perfect to spend some quiet time and commune with nature.
The area has long winding roads that are lined on one side by majestic deodar and pine groves. Here the air is nippier compared to the lower hill, and cleaner too as it is far away from shops and vehicular traffic.
Heading up from the Clock Tower to the top of the hill, a stiff climb takes you to Landour. The once cobbled streets of this tiny bazaar have now been tarred. You can take a break from all that huffing and puffing by browsing in the antique shops lining the road. The Castle Hill Estate where the Survey of India office is now, was the place where Sir George Everest mapped the Garhwal region. Also located in the serene environs of Landour is Woodstock School which was set up in 1854. The cantonment area here is home to Mussoorie’s famous Sisters Bazaar. Shop for home-made jams and cheeses or relax at Char Dukan, a cluster of shops and shacks that sell tea and light snacks. Landour was also one of the first places in India where an American classic such as peanut butter was made commercially.